Pre 1965 farming practices West Cork, Red Elephant and Epicure potatoes, working with the grufán, threshing with the steam engine, winnowng of wheat and oats, working in the bog.

Pre 1965 farming practices West Cork, Red Elephant and Epicure potatoes, working with the grufán, threshing with the steam engine, winnowing of wheat and oats, working in the bog.

Flor Crowley NT, Behigulane describes farming practices in Dunmanway for small to middling farms which would have been common to Protestant and Catholic farmers from the Famine to the early 1960s. From then on, reclamation, rural electrification and specialisation spelled the end for many of the prctices described.

The page sequence in the PDF is out, note the bottom page number.

In West Cork ong Ago

Words in Irish from Dunmanway, West Cork from Flor Crolwey NT, Behigullane.

Words in Irish from Dunmanway, West Cork from Flor Crolwey NT, Behigullane.

From his book ‘In West Cork Long Ago’, 1979, Mercier. Some of the practises flailing had probably gone out by the early 20th century.

Pages 9 and 10

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dLSWVUsYRVa2ViKqOHyj5sl6Plz-tzLLVgpQgU3gvQM/edit

Drinagh 1940s

http://durrushistory.wordpress.com/2014/03/11/irish-on-ordinary-speech-drinagh-west-cork-1940s-agus-gaelige-i-measc-an-bhearla/

Out for a day with the Ferret in Dunmanway, West Cork, Long Ago.

Out for a day with the Ferret in Dunmanway, West Cork, Long Ago.

From Flor Crolwey’s book ‘In West Cork Long Ago’. Mercier Press 1979. A fascinating account of old times. He was from Behigullane, Dunmanway a National Teacher at Behagh National School. He was a founder of ‘An Ból Chumann na hÉireann’ in 1954 the body regulating road bowlng.

http://www.askaboutireland.ie/reading-room/sports-recreation/sport/road-bowling/bol-chumann-na-heireannth/

The book is redolent of De Valera’s Ireland of the mid 20th century, the views now seems narrow.

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Rabbits:

http://durrushistory.wordpress.com/the-rabbit-trade-in-the-1950s-before-mymamatosis-in-the-1950s-snaring-ferrets/

Earliest representation of West Cork person, 1585, Catherine Cullinane, Ballynacarriga (Townland of the Stones) Castle, Dunmanway.

Earliest representation of West Cork person, 1585, Catherine Cullinane, Ballynacarriga Castle, Dunmanway.

In Brian Lalor’s excellent book of sketches and commentary he refers to the earliest portrait of a West Cork person. (Brandon Book Publishers Ltd. 1990)

This is Catherine Cullinane, wife of Randal Hurley who build Ballinacarriga Castle in 1585. The castle was forfeit in 1654 to the Crofts.

Ballynacarriga Castle was built in 1585 by Randal Hurley. (The date 1585 can be seen in a window-recess on the top floor). The castle was forfeited by the Hurleys in 1654, and it passed to the Crofts. It is believed that the castle was used as a chapel as well as a family residence. Locals say that the chapel was still in use until 1815.

Catherine Cullinane is shown in two window embrasures in the main chamber on the upper floor in carvings in low relief. She is shown in Elizabethan Dress, three roses represent her three children. Her initial and those of Randal Hurley are also carved.

http://www.britainirelandcastles.com/Ireland/County-Cork/Ballynacarriga-Castle.html

Sale by Cant in Chichester House, Dublin 1703 of Galwey lands in East and West Carbery Forfeited, Kilfaghna, Drombeggy, Cullinagh, Dirryleigh, Shrilane, Gortard, Balliisland and ten small islands, Knockeeridane, Castlehaven, Gortard, Creaghm, Coney Island, Baltimore, Raghmore, Cloghanmore, Cloghanbeg, Lissangel, Caheragh, Gortnamuckla Lisalchorig with some tenants listed, Coppingers, Hollow Blade Company, South Sea Bubble.

Sale by Cant in Chichester House, Dublin 1703 of Galwey lands in East and West Carbery Forfeited, Kilfaghna, Drombeggy, Cullinagh, Dirryleigh, Shrilane, Gortard, Balliisland and ten small islands, Knockeeridane, Castlehaven, Gortard, Creaghm, Coney Island, Baltimore, Raghmore, Cloghanmore, Cloghanbeg, Lissangel, Caheragh, Gortnamuckla Lisalchorig with some tenants listed, Coppingers, Hollow Blade Company, South Sea Bubble.

Those Irish landowners who backed the wrong horse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 had their lands Forfeit by The English who then went through the charade of a legal sale process. These were processed at Chichester House in Dublin. The Irish Parliament at College Green was built on the site of Chichester House which in turn was built on a former nunnery. Somewhat surprisingly claims of widows and children were sometimes allowed. In the 1730s it was estimated that up to two thirds of the business of the Four Courts in Dublin was taken up with contentious land matters.

Some of the lands were bought by the Hollow Blade Company which financed William Of Orange wars. when they got into trouble with the South Sea Bubble local landowners purchased the lands in the 1720s.

Another family going through the same process was the Coppingers. They were moneylenders/bankers and aaquired the lands through the default of the old Gaelic Landowners who borrowed from them. The Freke/Carbery estate was acquired in this fashion.

The Galweys and Coppingers appear in the records of Cork City from the late 13th century and through changes of religion have proven remarkable for their survival instincts.

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Deed of 1718 between William Bailey, Ballinacolle, Myross, West Cork wherein Charles Stanton is to teach his daughter and four children dancing, jigs, horpipes, minuets and country dances, witnesses Darby Donovan Will Hayes together with further Deed of Apprenticeship between William Bailey and Elizabeth Coughlan.

Deed of 1718 between William Bailey, Ballinacolle, Myross, West Cork wherein Charles Stanton is to teach his daughter and four children dancing, jigs, horpipes, minuets and country dances, witnesses Darby Donovan Will Hayes together with further Deed of Apprenticeship between William Bailey and Elizabeth Coughlan.

From John T Collins History of Illen Valley 1960 in Paddy O’Keeffe papers

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The King’s Writ runs in West Cork from 1298 A.D. Sheriff in Cork paid £36.15.4d for having the King’s peace by Mathew, Richard, Thomas Barett, Richard son of William Barett Junior, Basilia Barett Lochlain O’Donovan MacCrom, Molise O’Donovan McIvor, William O’Donovan, Thomas O’Hea, James O’Brian, Dermot son of Neil O’Donovan, Thomas son of Alexander Roche, Gilliosa O’Hegarty and Auliff O’Tuohy.

The King’s Writ runs in West Cork from 1298 A.D. Sheriff in Cork paid £36.15.4d for having the King’s peace by Mathew, Richard, Thomas Barett, Richard son of William Barett Junior, Basilia Barett Lochlain O’Donovan MacCrom, Molise O’Donovan McIvor, William O’Donovan, Thomas O’Hea, James O’Brian, Dermot son of Neil O’Donovan, Thomas son of Alexander Roche, Gilliosa O’Hegarty and Auliff O’Tuohy.

This is from a lecture on the Illen Valley, Skibbereen given c November 1960 by John T Collins, Cork Historian. It is from the Paddy O’Keeffe papers Cork Archives.

Collins and O’Keeffe were part of a historical circle that included Bernard O’Regan, Aughadown, Emmet O’Donovan Clonakilty and Basil O’Connell (historian of the O’Connell family), Paddy Madden Cork Librarian. They were active in the 1940s 50s and 60s doing field trips research and in communication with leading figures in the Public Records Office, National Library.

The Paddy O’Keeffe papers have extensive references to their doings.

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